Caution! Coexistence with urban wildlife is a statutory requirement…
A small animal has taken up residence on your property and is causing damages? Well, its presence is no mere coincidence - it didn’t show up on your doorstep by accident...
...but because involuntarily, you offered it safety, food and shelter, and it simply could not resist such an inviting proposal!
As a result : your little tenant has placed itself under the protection of section 67 of An Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife, R.S.Q., c. C-61.1 prohibiting the killing or capture of an animal attacking a person or causing damage to his property, unless he is unable to frighten the animal away or prevent it from causing damage.
This provision is reinforced by sections 445 and following of the Criminal Code which prohibit all forms of cruelty to animals including poisoning.
There are several techniques to shoo your unwanted friend away from your property without causing it any harm.
If the scare tactics mentioned below appear to be ineffective, please call the Kirkland Animal Control Division at 514 630-2727 during regular business hours. The Animal Controller will help you find solutions to your problem.
Please note that capturing the animal to relocate it elsewhere is a task that can only be performed using the cages supplied by the Town and must always be considered as a means of last resort. Residents who make such a request must be able to prove they have tried everything they could to shoo the animal away beforehand.
Two types of devices available in stores are particularly effective for shooing small animals away:
The « Solar Pest Repeller »*
Often used in flower and vegetable gardens, this solar powered environmentally friendly device emits sounds and vibration to shoo small animals away.
The « ScareCrow »*
Hooked up to a garden hose, this motion-activated sprinkler device shoots out a stream of water directed at the pest crossing the sensor’s path - particularly effective for raccoons, groundhogs, skunks and stray cats.
* The Town has a limited number of both types of devices to lend citizens, free of charge, for a maximum of 5 days depending on availability. Requests can be submitted online by clicking here or by calling 514 630-2727 during regular business hours.
Different odorous repellents for use in gardens and flowerbeds are also available in stores. Examples include “Critter Ridder” in spray or granular form and “ECO Commercial”, an all-purpose biodegradable cleaner. Spraying plants with a mixture of hot peppers, tomatoes and water also produces great results.
Animals who took up residence under a deck, crawl space or garden shed or who have made your attic, garage or chimney their new home, can be dislodged. However, beware that babies could be nesting in that space. Before fencing off a point of entry, make sure the animal and its young are not trapped inside.
To verify whether a small animal lives at the suspected location, identify the main point of entry and cover it with newspaper. If within the next 48 hours, you notice that the newspaper has moved, you can put the animal’s eviction process into motion!
Preferably wait for a sunny day to dislodge your visitor.
Under a deck, crawl space or shed
In an attic, garage or chimney
* Squirrels usually come out in the afternoon while skunks and raccoons emerge in the early evening
Closing the fenced-off area…
To ensure there are no animals trapped behind the newly installed meshing, place a bit of food inside (peanut butter for a squirrel, jam for a skunk or raccoon and apple for a groundhog). If after three days the food still has not been touched, it is safe to say that there are no animals inside and you can proceed to permanently close off the fourth side.
However, if the food has been touched or if in the days that follow the evicted animal returns, becomes agitated and roams around, if it makes sounds or digs frantically to reintegrate its nest, it may be that there are babies trapped inside. Such situation requires the immediate removal of part of the meshing to allow the animal to retrieve its young. In addition to protecting the babies from a horrible death and preventing ensuing foul smells, it will avoid damage likely to be caused by the mother trying to reach her babies.
Eliminate odours that might attract them
Eliminate its access to resources
Eliminate its access to shelter
And so, while skunks, raccoons, hares, squirrels and groundhogs may be unwelcome on our properties, let us not forget that they are animals of the urban wildlife placed under the protection of the law with who we must learn to cohabitate.
For more information on better living with the urban fauna, call the Town’s Animal Control Division at 514 630-2727 or the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune du Québec at 1 877 346-6763 (toll-free number).
Pursuant to By-Law No 2013-56 relating to animals, in Kirkland it is prohibited to hunt, or to set traps for the purpose of capturing animals.
It is also forbidden to feed stray animals as well as pigeons, gulls, seagulls and squirrels, and all wild animals listed in Annex A of the By-Law. The feeding of wild birds using bird feeders is however permitted provided it doesn’t cause nuisance to the neighbourhood.
For more information on these restrictions, please call the Kirkland Animal Control Division at 514 630-2727 during regular business hours.