Permits and certificates

Swimming pool / spas

BEFORE installing a swimming pool or a spa...

You must plan ahead and :

Obtain a permit

Installing a pool or a spa on your property requires the city's prior approval by means of a construction permit in the case of an in-ground pool, or a certificate of authorization for an above-ground pool or a spa. Either document is available at the Town Hall for a fee of $150 in the case of an in-ground or above-ground swimming pool and of $75 for a spa.

A $1000 deposit for completion and compliance of works is also required when applying for a permit (except for spas with a capacity not exceeding 2,000 litres). This deposit will be reimbursed once the work is complete, and following an inspection of your installations by a city employee confirming they are compliant with municipal and provincial regulations.

The permit application must be submitted with a copy of the property's certificate of location clearly showing the layout for the proposed structure and fences.

It is also possible to make an online permit request for a pool or a spa.

Simply use the Request Online System to submit your request. All required documents to be attached must be scanned as photos of the documents will not be accepted. For all other requests, residents must contact the Urban Planning Department by email at

Piscine.jpgFence off the enclosure

Access to the pool must be restricted from all angles, both from the lot as well as from the house, by a permanent fence that must be in place before the pool can be filled with water.

A swimming pool must be surrounded by an enclosure to restrict access.  The enclosure must be installed so that the pool is separated from any building openings, as well as from the remainder of the yard and its equipment (play structures, outdoor dining set and any other similar equipment).  Notwithstanding the foregoing, an area adjoining the pool containing chairs, a shade structure and/or a shed to store the pool installations may be located within the enclosure.

The fence preventing access to the pool from the lot must have a minimum height of 1.52m (5,0') and a maximum height of 1.85m (6.0'), whereas the second fence preventing such access from the house and from the remainder of the yard must have a minimum height of 1.2m (4.0').

Where access to the pool is entirely closed off by a fence having a minimum height of 1.52m (5,0') and a maximum height of 1.85m (6.0') installed around the pool, no other fence is required. However, where a fence having a minimum height of 1.52m (5,0') and a maximum height of 1.85m (6.0') is installed around the lot, access to the pool is not restricted from the house in which case a second fence of a minimum height of 1.2m (4.0') must be installed to prevent such access.

Ensure compliance with applicable regulations

It is the responsibility of the pool or spa owner to ensure the installation is fully compliant with all applicable rules and regulations.

To make the right choice as to the type of pool to buy and where to install it, it is important to be aware of the applicable regulations. In Kirkland, these rules are set out in Article 5.7 of Zoning By-Law No. 90-58.

Amongst other requirements, there are minimum distances that need to be respected for the location of a pool and its ancillary deck, as well as municipal and provincial safety requirements.

Control access to the pool

Since August 2010, the Provincial Residential Swimming Pool Safety Regulation imposes stricter safety standards for installing pools and spas. In particular, all fences preventing access to the pool must be fitted with a gate equipped with automatic self-closing and self-locking devices and the filter system must be positioned in such a way as not to provide access to the water.


End of acquired rights for swimming pools built before November 1st, 2010

In response to a recommendation made by several coroners in recent years, amendments were brought to the provincial Residential Swimming Pool Safety Regulation so that it now applies to all swimming pools, regardless of the installation date.

It should be noted that owners of pools built before November 1st, 2010 benefitted from acquired rights and were therefore not subject to the Residential Swimming Pool Safety Regulation.  Amendments brought to the regulation have put an end to these acquired rights so that all pool owners must now comply.

Considering the costs associated with the installation of an enclosure, especially for inground and semi-inground swimming pools, pool owners have until July 1, 2023 to comply with the amended regulation.

Residents are asked to contact our employee in charge of pool inspections at 514 694-4100, ext. 3107 for any question related to the new regulation.

Know where to dig

The ground where you plan to dig can hide electrical cables, telecommunication networks, gas lines and other underground utilities. To ensure your family‘s safety and the safety of others, it is crucial to know whether there are any buried installations near the site where you are planning to excavate.

It is very important to locate all underground facilities on your property BEFORE you start digging. Info-Excavation offers free subterranean infrastructure location services and can also give you advice. Queries can be made online at

Watch out for power lines

You must also ensure compliance with your property's power line clearances. For this, Hydro-Québec provides an interactive online application that allows you to verify whether your installation complies with the standards.

your swimming pool or spa is installed...


Prevention is of utmost importance

Controlling access to a residential pool is the key to drowning prevention. As soon as the pool is filled with water, «Inaccessibility, Supervision and Vigilance» must become standard practice around the pool. In this respect, it is imperative to apply the Lifesaving Society's proposed safety tips by visiting the following website:

Know how to act

In addition to its numerous pool-side advices, this site also provides several tools for measuring and improving our knowledge about the risks of drowning. You can also check if your pool meets the requirements of Quebec's new Residential Swimming Pool Safety Act by filling out an online self-assessment questionnaire or by requesting a free in-house assessment of your pool.

Know the standards applicable to diving boards

Noting the seriousness of the consequences of accidents related to the practice of using a diving board with a residential pool, the Bureau de la normalisation du Québec published in May 2009 the BNQ 9461-100 standard that applies to in-ground pools equipped with a diving board. This province-wide standard establishes the minimum dimensions that a pool must meet for the practice of safe diving.

Know how to react quickly

The Lifesaving Society also provides a Home Drowning Prevention Training Program for groups of 4 to 12 people. For more informations, call 514 252-3100 or 1 800 265-3093.


The Kirkland Urban Planning Department can provide information on the provincial Residential Swimming Pool Regulation and advise you on how to ensure your pool installation fully and safely complies with all applicable rules and regulations.

The department can be reached during regular business hours at the Town Hall's Urban Planning counter, by calling 514 694-4100 or by email via the Requests Online System.