Wood heating

Please note that the Montreal By-Law imposing specific restrictions on the use of wood-burning stoves, fireplaces and other solid fuel heating appliances does not apply in Kirkland.

Responsible wood heating

Burning wood in a conventional fireplace simply to watch the fire may be pleasant, but it is polluting. The Kirkland municipal By-Law no. 90-60-2 specifies that no building on its territory shall have as its principal heating system a solid fuel burning furnace. This By-Law also requires that any secondary heating system utilizing solid fuel (e.g. wood) be certified EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) or CSA (Canadian Standards Association).

Wood smoke has been identified by Environment Canada as a source of winter air pollution. Wood burning constitutes a major contributor to winter smog and aggravation of cardiac and respiratory illnesses.

Statistics and Facts on wood burning stoves:

  • Fine particles are harmful to health because they penetrate deep into the lungs and seep into the bloodstream, affecting the cardiovascular system;
  • It is estimated that a conventional woodstove or fireplace burning for only 9 hours emits as many fine particles as a car does in one year (18,000 km of driving);
  • Residential wood heating is the main source of fine particles in Quebec, ahead of both transportation and industry;
  • More than 85,000 homes on the island of Montreal are equipped with a woodstove or fireplace – the majority of which do not comply with current standards.
For more information on wood heating, click here.